What clouds have a flat base?

Cumulus clouds are clouds with flat bases that are typically described as “puffy,” “cotton-like,” or “fluffy” in appearance. Cumulus clouds often have rounded tops. They can be very high, reaching up to 10s or 12s of miles into the sky.

Why do clouds form over land?

Clouds form when moist air rises and condenses. In coastal stations, during daytime, the land gets heated more and the air over the land also gets heated by conduction and rises. As the sea gets less heated (the specific heat of water is more), the comparatively cold air from the sea moves towards the land to replace the rising moist air as sea-breeze. This wind brings more moisture and hence more moisture is added to the rising air. Hence this moist rising air condenses and produces clouds over land due to sea-breeze.

Why do clouds tend to form well above the ground?

The updraft is what formed the cloud in the first place. Air rises from the ground in an updraft, and it cools as it rises. When it gets to a certain altitude its temperature is low enough that the water begins to condense out of it, forming the cloud. The particles fall against the updraft, so they don’t really fall.

Charges within the cloud separate, and an electric field is produced between the top of the cloud and the base. Below the negatively charged storm base, positive charges begin to gather on the ground. A cloud to ground lightning strike begins as an invisible channel of electrically charged air moving from the cloud toward the ground.

As warm, moist air rises, it gets cooler and cooler. And as it cools, more tiny water droplets form. … And they’re surrounded by tiny warm blankets of air, which lift them up towards the sky. That’s how clouds weighing billions of tonnes can stay afloat up in the sky. Can a cloud burst?

How does heavy rain stay up in the clouds?

, and convectional rainfall . Orographic or relief rainfall. Cyclonic or frontal rainfall.

What are the 10 basic types of clouds?

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Waterspouts are in some ways like the tornadoes that form over land. But where tornadoes are associated with huge supercell thunderstorms, waterspouts can form during smaller storms or even just showers or the presence of the right kind of clouds. Read more: Tornadoes in Australia? They’re more common than you think How do waterspouts form?

Low-level clouds (cumulus, stratus, stratocumulus) that lie below 6,500 feet (1,981 m) Middle clouds (altocumulus, nimbostratus, altostratus) that form between 6,500 and 20,000 feet (1981–6,096 m) High-level clouds (cirrus, cirrocumulus, cirrostratus) that form above 20,000 feet (6,096 m).

What are the 4 steps that clouds form?

The four main ways that clouds can form are: Surface Heating. Mountains and Terrain. Weather Fronts (cold or warm)What are the steps of a cloud formation? Clouds are formed when moist air rises upward. As the air rises, it becomes colder.

As a warm front approaches, cirrus clouds tend to thicken into cirrostratus, which may, in turn, thicken and lower into altostratus, stratus, and even nimbostratus. Finally, cirrocumulus clouds are layered clouds permeated with small cumuliform lumpiness.

What is a low level cloud called?

Low level clouds ( cumulus, stratus, stratocumulus ) that lie below 6,500 feet; middle clouds (altocumulus, nimbostratus, altostratus) that form between 6,500 and 20,000 feet; high level clouds (cirrus, cirrocumulus, cirrostratus) that form above 20,000 feet;.

When I was reading we ran into the question “What does a cumulus cloud look like?”.

Cumulus clouds are the clouds you learned to draw at an early age and that serve as the symbol of all clouds (much like the snowflake symbolizes winter ). Their tops are rounded, puffy, and a brilliant white when sunlit, while their bottoms are flat and relatively dark.