The production of ionization in air and the associated visible arcs commonly associated with operation of a Tesla coil are similar to what occurs in the case of natural lightning, but the high-voltage source is produced through a specially fabricated transformer that runs on AC (alternating current) whereas the static voltage potential involved with natural lightning is essentially a DC (direct current) source.
I found the answer is keep in mind that the ionization does not mean that there is more negative charge (electrons) or more positive charge (positive atomic nuclei / positive ions) than before. This ionization only means that the electrons and positive ions are farther apart than they were in their original molecular or atomic structure.
Ionisation can be caused by extreme heat, which creates charged plasma (the electrons being shed from the atoms), but this generally does not apply in air ionisation (except perhaps with lightning strikes, etc). When this kind of ionisation does occur, it is usually only a matter of seconds (or less) before the electrons return to their atoms.
The temperature of a bolt of lightning can reach 30,000 °C. When this bolt contacts ash particles within the plume it may do one of two things: (1) completely vaporize the ash particles, or (2) cause them to melt and then quickly solidify as they cool, forming orb shapes.
You could be asking “Can lightning heat the air around it?”
Some have found that according to many sources lightning can heat the air around it to ~30000 kelvin (29726.85 °C, 53540.33 °F). I do in fact believe this is enough to vaporize metal. This amount of heat and other kinds of energy is very dangerous if we take in account that it is ~5x the heat of the sun’s surface.
This is what we stumbled across. lIGHTNING HAS BIG EFFECT ON ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY activities in that level of the atmosphere. Of ozone near the Earth’s surface. However, above the by as much as 90 percent and ozone by more than 30 percent. Lightning plays a bigger role in the free troposphere.
How is lightning formed?
When the electric field becomes very strong (on the order of tens of thousands of volts per inch), conditions are ripe for the air to begin breaking down. The electric field causes the surrounding air to become separated into positive ions and electrons — the air is ionized.
Lightning is attracted to the ground and clouds. You may have been brought up to believe that what attracts lightning is holding or wearing metal, and this is actually false. The position of a storm relative to the location of where someone is determines where lightning will strike. The very act of being outdoors during a thunderstorm will.
What is lightning and causes of it?
Lightning causes thunder, a sound from the shock wave which develops as gases in the vicinity of the discharge experience a sudden increase in pressure. Lightning occurs commonly during thunderstorms as well as other types of energetic weather systems, but volcanic lightning can also occur during volcanic eruptions.
How dangerous is it to be struck by lightning?
Strikes can cause cardiac arrest and severe burns, but 9 of every 10 people survive. The average American has about a 1 in 5,000 chance of being struck by lightning during a lifetime. Lightning’s extreme heat will vaporize the water inside a tree, creating steam that may blow the tree apart.
While I was writing we ran into the question “What are the dangers of lightning?”.
“Lightning Down: A World War II Story of Survival, ” by Tom Writes Clavin, “He was still only twenty-two years old.” Surely, Joe Moser knew the danger of what he was doing, but he chose not to dwell on it. He went out every day and did his.
What happens when a lightning bolt hits metal?
Lightning bolts are electrical discharges in air which is represented in form of plasma which is very hot and carries a LOT of current. When it reaches the metal it passes passes through thus heating it and finally melting. Some lightning bolts are so powerful that they insrantaneously vapourize the metal.
Can Lightning melt metal?
According to a few different sources, lightning is hotter than the sun. Therefore, I believe one could easily infer that: yes, lightning can in fact melt metal. According to many sources lightning can heat the air around it to ~30000 kelvin (29726.85 °C, 53540.33 °F).