Whenever possible, stay inside and away from wildlife during a flood and until water levels recede. During a flood, once you’re in a safe place, stay alert by monitoring local news and weather reports from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) on a weather radio.
Do not walk, swim or drive through flood waters. Remember, just six inches of moving water can knock you down, and one foot of moving water can sweep your vehicle away. Stay off bridges over fast-moving water. Evacuate if told to do so. Move to higher ground or a higher floor.
Throw away any food and bottled water that comes/may have come in contact with flood water or that was not refrigerated for more than two hours. Remove and throw out drywall and insulation that was contaminated with flood water or sewage.
This begs the question “What should you do if you come across a flood?”
If you come upon a barricade or a flooded road, go another way. If you must walk or drive in areas that have been flooded. Stay on firm ground. Moving water only 6 inches deep can sweep you off your feet. Standing water may be electrically charged from underground or downed power lines.
You may want to take swimming classes at a local pool or learn techniques to help you survive in such a moment. Never attempt to drive through a flooded road. Place flood barriers, such as sandbags, around your house to ward off the water if there’s a possibility of flooding.
If you live in a floodplain, elevate and reinforce your home to make damage less likely during a flood. Check with a professional to: Raise your furnace, water heater, and electric panel to floors that are less likely to be flooded. An undamaged water heater may be your best source of fresh water after a flood.
One more question we ran across in our research was “What should I bring to a flood-prone area?”.
Bring them upstairs whether or not you’re evacuating. DO wear protective clothing if you need to brave the flood at all. Waders or tall rubber rain boots are great if you have them. And if you have to move any debris, make sure you’re wearing gloves.
Can floods be helpful?
There are benefits of flooding despite its immediate ill effects. For farmers and those in the agricultural sector, it helps them in the long run by providing nutrients to the soil that were lacking. This makes the soil more fertile and increases agricultural production.
Consider installing ” check valves ” to prevent flood water from backing up into the drains of your home. If feasible, construct barriers to stop floodwater from entering the building and seal walls in basements with waterproofing compounds.
This of course begs the question “Is it possible to prevent floods?”
It’s not always possible to prevent floods, but it is often possible to minimize flood damage. Structures around rivers, lakes, and the sea can contain flood waters. Levees, runoff canals, and reservoirs can stop water from overflowing.
DO NOT try to wade through water. All it takes is six inches of water to knock you over, especially if it’s moving quickly. Flood waters also often contain dangerous debris and can easily become an electrified by downed power lines. Seek refuge inside on a higher floor.
What happens if you touch flood water when it floods?
The flood water may carry the silt, raw sewage, oil, or chemical waste, If you can wear the gloves and the boots to avoid coming into contact with the flood water if you touch the flood water, you are advised to wash your hands thoroughly.
Flooding is a temporary overflow of water onto land that is normally dry. Floods are the most common natural disaster in the United States. Failing to evacuate flooded areas or entering flood waters can lead to injury or death. Floods may: Result from rain, snow, coastal storms, storm surges and overflows of dams and other water systems.
What are the benefits of flooding the plain?
For one, flooding the plain will help recharge and renew all the natural aquifers and for another, flood waters should help increase the groundwater level, thereby making it all the more accessible to others. For example, the devastating floods that had hit Chennai 5 years before increasing the groundwater level by 15 feet.