Hurricanes can form almost anywhere in the Tropical Atlantic Basin from the West Coast of Af. Cape Verde Islands, to the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea.
Scientists have long understood that convective waves of westward-traveling atmospheric disturbances from the north African coast can be the beginnings of tropical storms and hurricanes. The disturbances propagate from the coast of north Africa, and they get energized in the warm Atlantic climate. Why do hurricanes hit coastlines?
Scientists have long known that hurricanes that lash the Atlantic coasts of North and Central America are born in storm systems off the west coast of northern Africa. In an ironic twist, these wettest of storms are driven by weather over one of Earth’s driest of places, the Sahara (the name means desert in Arabic).
Where do hurricanes start in Africa?
Deadly and Devastating.
Why do hurricanes form off the coast of Africa?
A hurricane gets it’s forming energy from the hot and dry plains of Africa. Then as heated air moves off the west coast of Africa it evaporates large amounts of water. The air mass moves westward into the Caribbean where the warm moist air helps generate cyclonic rotation and winds.
This of course begs the inquiry “Does Africa have the most hurricanes?”
The only basin that regularly produces tropical storms or hurricanes affecting Africa is the southwest Indian Ocean, but locations further north can generate some of the strangest tropical systems on Earth.
The southwest Indian Ocean is bordered by Africa to the west, the western Australia basin to the east, the cold Southern Ocean to the south, and the Eastern Atlantic. Most folks living in the Southeastern U. S. Arabian Sea. A few more items to keep in mind are: tropical desert, or the mediterranean.
Where do hurricanes that strike the US originate?
Research has shown that most of the monster storms that hit the US and Canada start out as a distinct weather pattern in the atmosphere over western Africa, specifically a spot off the coast of the African Cape Verde islands.
Where do hurricanes start forming?
Warm ocean waters (at least 80°F/27°C).An unstable atmosphere driven by differences in temperature, where temperature decreases with height. Moist air near the mid-level of the atmosphere. Must be at least 200 miles (with rare exceptions) north or south of the equator for it to spin (due to the Coriolis effect )., and more items.
Only tropical cyclones that form over the Atlantic Ocean or eastern Pacific Ocean are called “hurricanes.” Whatever they are called, tropical cyclones all form the same way. Tropical cyclones are like giant engines that use warm, moist air as fuel. That is why they form only over warm ocean waters near the equator.
Hurricanes occur near the equator where the water is warm. Warm water acts as their energy source. They also require a large enough basin to form and certain wind patterns that can initiate them. Most hurricanes occur in the Atlantic Ocean (north of the equator), in the Indian Ocean, and in the Pacific Ocean.
This is why most hurricane paths in the Northern Hemisphere, after they find a weakness in high pressure over the mid-latitudes, begin to curve northward and to the right. These two factors help us predict where a hurricane will go, with some accuracy.