Those that form in the Far East, close to places like China and Japan are known as typhoons and those that form in the Indian Ocean are called cyclones. If a tropical cyclone forms above, or north of the equator, it spins in an anti-clockwise direction. If it forms below, or south of the equator, it spins in a clockwise direction.
How typhoons are formed
Typhoons start off as tropical thunderstorms. The strong winds pull in moisture from the oceans. The thunderstorms convert the moisture into heat. The heat causes more air to flow to the centre of the storm causing evaporation. All the heat and air flow toward the eye creating the typhoon.
Most typhoons form in a region in the northwest Pacific known as typhoon alley, where the planet’s most powerful tropical cyclones most frequently develop. When the subtropical ridge shifts due to El Niño, so will the preferred tropical cyclone tracks. Where do typhoons usually occur? Typhoons occur in the western Pacific Ocean.
Where do Typhoons occur most often?
These tropical cyclones frequently originate in the northwestern Pacific Ocean, usually in the tropical seas around the Caroline Islands and the Philippines, and occasionally also arise from the South China Sea. Taiwan, Japan, the Philippines, and China are the largest countries that are most affected by typhoons.
Where is the strongest part of a typhoon?
Essentially the eye is the hole at the center of a hurricane or tropical storm. This is the most peaceful part of the storm where the winds are light and partly cloudy skies are there. As mentioned earlier, the eye wall is the place for the strongest and fastest winds.
They are classified as follows: Tropical Depression: A tropical cyclone with maximum sustained winds of 38 mph (33 knots) or less. Tropical Storm: A tropical cyclone with maximum sustained winds of 39 to 73 mph (34 to 63 knots).. Hurricane: A tropical cyclone with maximum sustained winds of 74 mph (64 knots) or higher., and more items.